Months Developmental milestones Feeding milestones Start feeding your baby/toddler
0 - 3  
  • Birth
  • Smiling
  • Early laughing
 
  • Roots effectively
  • Sucks and swallows
  • Extends tongue beyond lips
  • Breast milk or formula milk only
 
3 - 5  
  • Lifting head
  • Smiling
  • Laughing
  • Ability to notice reflection in mirrored surfaces
  • Closes lips to seal mouth
  • Moves tongue in and out easily
  • Draws in lower lips
 
  • Breast milk or formula milk only
 
5 - 6  
  • Crawling
  • More developed vocal range
  • More extensive vocalization
  • Awareness of own body parts
  • Makes chewing movements
  • Can control sucking impulse
  • Opens mouth to accept spoon
  • Turns head freely to feed
 
  • Breast milk or formula milk
  • Small amounts of infant rice or cereal mixed with breast milk or formula milk
  • Single ingredient fruit and vegetable purees mixed with breast or formula milk
 
6 - 7  
  • Sit without support
  • Reaches for things with a sweeping motion
  • Imitates speech sounds
  • Grasps food and utensils and draws them towards the mouth
  • Sits without support
 
  • Breast milk or formula milk
  • Mixed ingredient purees and mashes
  • Egg yolks (well cooked)
  • Fromage frais
  • Yoghurt
  • Mashed potatoes
  • Mashed bananas
  • Apple sauce
  • Wheat/high protein cereals
 
7 - 8  
  • Sit alone
  • Reach, grasp and move items
  • Says ‘dada’ and ‘mama’ to both parents
  • Starts crawling
  • Passes objects from hand to hand
  • Controls tongue for easier spoon feeding
  • Sucks from a cup
  • Tolerates non-pureed foods
 
  • Pureed meatsk
  • Bite sizes pieces of cheese
  • Fruit juice from a cup
 
8 - 9  
  • Stands while holding on to a support
  • Combines syllables into wordlike sounds
  • Drinks from a cup
  • Understands spoon function
 
  • Finger foods:
  • Soft small pieces of soft, chopped fruit and vegetables
  • Toast
  • Tuna
 
9 - 12  
  • Waves goodbye
  • Crawls well
  • Early walking
  • Cruising’ from handhold to handhold
  • Develops pincer grasp
  • Has rotary chewing movements
  • Holds and moves food into mouth
  • Tries to feed self
  • Enjoys food with noticeable lumps Able to bite through a soft biscuit
 
  • Table foods/family foods
  • Soft
  • Not too spicy (but not completely bland)
  • Vegetables
  • Fruits
  • Cereals
  • Bread
  • Beans
  • Meats, fish
  • Cheese
 
12 - 18  
  • Imitates others’ activities
  • Walking
  • Jabbers wordlike sounds
  • Indicates wants with gestures
  • Early talking
  • Uses a spoon effectively
  • Sticks out tongue and spits
  • Less frantic at mealtimes
  • Able to feed self quietly
  • Able to bite through harder foods depending on the presence of teeth
  • Drinks some water during the day
 
  • Whole milk
  • Whole egg
 
18 - 24  
  • Talking
  • Running
  • Chewing more challenging foods
  • Chewing with their lips closed
  • By 24 months, able to manage any type of food (although choking hazards still need to be cut into small pieces)
 
  • From 24 months, any foods in smaller portions with less seasoning
  • Unpasteurised cheeses
  • Blue cheeses
 
24 - 36  
  • Helps in the kitchen!
 
  • Family foods
 
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